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Energy

The Five Factors that are driving mass adoption of Electric Vehicles

In 2020, the global sales of electric vehicles grew at an unexpected rate of 43%. In some popular markets such as Norway and Netherlands, electric vehicle sales surpassed petrol and diesel-powered cars’ sales. From reliable sources, Europe has a record of over half a million unit sales in 2020. In the United States, the new administration under President Joe Biden considers various incentives to motivate the mass to move to electric cars. The US government‘s mission is to put millions of electric vehicles on the sales chart and the road.

After the creation of electric vehicles and the long wait, it looks that 2021 will play a major role when it comes to electric vehicle mass adoption. This year will be a tipping point that history will remember where the internal combustion engine will see its day. However, the big question remains on the reasons behind EVs’ consolidation and why they are making a market trend.

Technology: One of the most prominent and critical factors behind the newfound interest in electric vehicles is the technology behind them. It includes mainstream automotive technology. The new venture includes cheaper and improved batteries, which go as lower as $100 per kilowatt-hour. Not to mention that the battery upgrade settings keep becoming better over the years. This fact means that soon, the charge we need for a distance trip will keep reducing.

Emissions regulations: The limits on emission for vehicles is a consideration that has taken the manufacturing industry to its demise. This fact has become a source of motivation for car companies to move to make electric vehicles. Not to mention, there are details on the ban of vehicle petrol and diesel soon. Also, the United Kingdom has a phase-out deadline of 2030.

Cost: It is no secret that electric vehicles are costly in comparison to standard cars. However, times are changing, and sales keep becoming bigger and better. When it comes to the maintenance of EVs, it is cheaper in comparison to petrol and diesel cars. These facts are threatening the existence of traditional vehicles leading manufacturers to adopt electric vehicles.

Fast-changing market: Many car manufacturing companies such as Tesla, MG, Toyota, and others are moving to a complete transition to electric vehicles. This fact is the real catalyst that is leading electric vehicles to the market trend.

Environment: One of the other important factors revolves around the environment and the claims regarding the growing pollution. Experts present electric vehicles as cleaner options leading to the massive adoption of this technology.

From recent market trends, it is clear that electric vehicle demand will keep rising, and the world will go to a complete phase-out on the same.

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Energy

South Africa on the quest of unveiling three cycles of 6.8 GW of renewable energy

The South African government is ready to unveil three rounds for the generation of 6800 MW of renewable energy in the country. The first round will be rolling out within February this year to earmark the country’s seriousness about the projects. The country’s leadership does not articulate the framework of the South African authorities in renewable energy. Some details concerning the field were unraveled by the African National Congress (ANC), which is leading the country. The meeting demonstrated that the President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa administration is preparing to deploy three cycles of contracts that will inform the generation of 6800 MW of renewable energy within this year.

The slated schedules call for unveiling the first round of energy production in February to meet the targets of the other cycles. The independent power producers (IPPs) in solar and wind energy production will enumerate their proposals that will inform the generation of 2600 MW. The second cycle will start in August this year, looking for similar companies to develop 2600 MW of wind and solar power. The last round will hopefully kick off in January next year to generate 1600 MW. South Africa is also strategizing on offering contracts to companies dealing in electricity storage, which will start in September this year. The companies will be battling it out to win the contract involving the storage of 500 MW of electricity.

The purpose of these strategies is to advance the country’s energy capacity while also cutting down the load of emissions. The projects’ success will help the country align itself towards the achievement of the international objectives of minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. However, South Africa is not running away from fossil fuel energy since the authorities have a 4500 MW construction project that will establish gas and coal-fired power plants.

These projects will be an impediment for the country in achieving net-zero emissions since their dependence on fossil fuels will continue to grow. However, it is understandable for the country to focus in this direction because the country’s economic growth rate is high, increasing the demand for electricity for both household activities and industrial or business operations.

The three cycles of tenders that will process 6800 megawatts of renewable energy will help this sector to expand and start similar projects in other areas where electricity demand is high. The sector can also advance into the remote areas and scarcely populated areas to develop more utilities to grow the industry.

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Energy

Forthcoming Maruti Rs 7 Lakh Electric Car

For an extended period, Maruti has been organizing to develop its EV together with the WagonR. However, there were rumors all over that Maruti has abandoned its plan of producing WagonR EV. Earlier on, the company had said that it would manufacture EVs once there is equipped infrastructure for these vehicles.

The following are the expectations of the forthcoming Maruti Rs 7 Lakh Electric car:

Charging time

The WagonR EV’s charging time would be about six hours, which is likely to give the vehicle a head start competing. The current EV rivals take over six hours to charge on AC. Maruti is also expected to bring a fast-charging option just like its competitors. For instance, the Nexon EV takes an hour to be fully charged via the Tata Power Fast Charging stations.

Range

The WagonR EV has two charging inputs. One is in front (AC Charging ) and the other on the rear side(DC Charging). The WagonR EV’s range will be about 250km on a full charge. However, the range numbers can change depending on the charging time. Some EVs, such as Mercedes-Benz EqC, has a range of 430km, while the Nexon EV has a range of 312km. While using the DC fast charging, the driver can charge the battery up to 80% in one hour.

Features

The WagonR EV is expected to have standard regenerative braking to enable it to have gained some additional range numbers so as to remain relevant with the competition. It will also offer wireless charging and Connected Car Technology.

Styling

The WagonR EV’s styling will not have much different. Its exterior is expected to remain the same, only that the company can add body-graphics to ensure that the vehicle stands out to be unique on its own. The interior fronts will also not change, and some additional space will be added in the center console where the gear-knob was being placed. The EV will provide an advanced infotainment system for full entertainment.

After final rolling out the WagonR EV, Maruti is expected to change the segment standard with this Rs 7 Lakh Electric Car. Right now, Maruti is in the process of testing over 50 WagonR EVs on various road conditions and weather. The WangonR EV’s price is between Rs 7 lakh-Rs 10 lakh; thus, it would be the cheapest EV throughout the country. It is expected to attract more taxi-owners who want a vehicle that is easy to maintain with low running costs.

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Space

The Indian space industry very expectant of the budgetary allocations for this year

The Indian government developed the Indian National Space, Promotion & Authorisation Centre (INSPACe) to operate within the Department of Space. The purpose of this unit is to motivate and lead the private sector to delve into Space Programs. The government has wild goals for the space industry and its technology.

The PM has, in various instances, and also in the Mann Ki Baat radio talk show, expressed his desire to propel the space industry and its technology to unexplainable milestones. For instance, the government approved the amendments that the space industry was proposing to activate the private sector to venture space operations in the coronavirus pandemic period. Moreover, the government authorized the private sector to utilize the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) resources and other facilities to advance their projects in space.

Currently, the ISRO boasts of collaborating with over 500 companies to conduct space operations. The finer areas and sectors that the private companies have been dealing with include the fabrication of materials, mechanical resources, electronic components, system development, and integration of the components, among others.

Moreover, the Centre appropriated Rs 13,479 crore for the facilitator space organization, ISRO, to ensure that it offers space technology to struggling space companies and to propel the country to develop more space utilities that will position it among the reputable space explorers. The ISRO is currently pushing three projects to ensure they are successful in the first half of this decade. The three projects are the Shukrayaan mission, the Gaganyaan mission, and the Mangalyaan-2.

Gaganyaan is the most valuable mission of the three because it will be initiating the country’s human flight space program. However, the ISRO allocated 30% to the Gaganyaan project, which is much less than the Rs 4,256.78 crore that the Department of Space had anticipated to go to the project. The actual cost that the experts projected this mission to take to deploy astronauts to space and returning them before next year’s Independence Day is Rs 10,000 crore.

However, the cost is rising with more delays as perpetrated by the coronavirus pandemic. Next, the Shukrayaan mission will be leaving Earth for Venus in the next three years. The government and ISRO have not revealed the financial details of this mission. Finally, the Mangalyaan 2 or Mars Orbiter Mission 2 will involve the aerobraking technique to venture into Mars and approach its surface. The space industry has lined up more missions to promote the government’s aspirations and enjoy the benefits while the leadership is still in its favor.

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Space

Gilat conducts an effective evaluation of its ESA over the Inmarsat’s GX satellite

Gilat Satellite Networks Limited, a world leader in satellite technology, has run a effective evaluation of its Electronically Steered Antenna (ESA) over the Global Xpress of Inmarsat satellite network. The ESA was integrated with a G-MODMAN solution from Inmarsat in a demonstration conducted on the Inmarsat-5 F1 satellite at 6.26 degrees east. Inmarsat officials stated how happy they were following this achievement. “We are pleased with the successful demonstration of Gilat’s ESA technology operating over Inmarsat’s Global Xpress network,” said Jerome Soumagne, head engineer at Inmarsat as a VP Networks.

The test shows that Inmarsat’s satellite network can support ESA technology. “The seamless integration of our G-MODMAN with Gilat’s antenna control system, via a standard open interface, is a key enabler to demonstrate the ability to support Electronic Steered Array Technology in Inmarsat’s global satellite network,” added Soumagne. Gilat’s ESA technology is popular with the aerospace industry, where users enjoy high-speed connectivity to a range of mobile platforms and applications. This technology is useful on land, in the air, and on the sea.

Gilat solutions have seen a satisfactory relationship between the company and Inmarsat. “We are delighted to partner with Inmarsat, for yet another industry first, demonstrating our proven ESA technology on their Global Xpress constellation,” stated Roni Stoleru, Gilat’s Antenna Products, and Strategy Vice President. “Having integrated Gilat’s ESA with Inmarsat’s G-MODMAN further emphasizes Gilat’s ESA leadership and readiness for commercial deployment,” he added. This test marked the first time that a live demonstration of the ESA terminal on an Inmarsat operating GX satellite was carried out. The integration was conducted on the Inmarsat-5 F1 satellite at 62.2 degrees east. The self-pointing antenna that is automatically logged-on to Inmarsat’s GX network. It supported bi-directional communication in real-time with a fixed as well as dynamic antenna position modes.

Beam steering was carried out while monitoring the power spectral density under the varying elevation and skew angles (PSD) threshold. This minimized interference with neighboring satellites, which is a requirement by law. The ESA technology was demonstrated on a commercial flight for the first time back in December 2019. This demonstration took place on a Boeing 757 test aircraft owned by Honeywell, an American aerospace company. The ESA terminal was operating over Ka-band capacity on Telesat’s Telstar 19 VANTAGE High Throughput Satellite. The terminal can work on both Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) and Non-Geostationary Orbit (NGSO) constellations.

Inmarsat G-MODMAN is a Ka-band technology made to suit specific user’s requirements. It backs the implementation of GX terminals on the government aviation platforms. It is specifically suited for government requirements. It integrates easily with current antenna control schemes using open standards-MODMAN allows aircraft and antenna integrators to access the GX networks.

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All News

Startup that Hopes to Solve Orbital Congestion Problems

There are reports that specific company Kayhan Space, a Colorado-based company, wants to be an air traffic control for satellites in orbit. The venture holds a lot of promise as being one of the few companies to tackle this problem. The company results from a passion project by two friends Araz Feyzi and Siamak Hesar from Iran. Both founders are immigrants from Iran who flew in on an exchange program to finish their college education.  Their innovative idea hopes to take care of coming problems in space expedition that will reduce collisions in space leading to the destruction of multimillion-dollar investments.

Current figures of the total number of satellites in space place them at 8,000 in a lower orbit. However, the number is set to rise, especially if Amazon’s plan to launch 3,236 satellites is successful. Moreover, SpaceX announced its interest in deploying 30,000 more satellites into space to help develop its communicating network. There is a looming safety problem due to the increased number of satellites floating in the air without monitoring. There are high chances that orbiting satellites will collide, resulting in debris falling to Earth and risking high capacity damage.

The company’s founders connected while trying to solve a problem before it starts. Hesar is a student at the University of Southern California in Aeronautics, doing his master’s degree. He is also doing his doctorate in astrological engineering at the University of Colorado. Hesar is a past intern at the NASA Jet propulsion laboratory and has experience in situational awareness and Systems control technology working at SpaceNav and Blue Canyon Technologies.

On the other hand, Feyzi is a business guru specializing in startups. Feyzi’s achievements include laying the groundwork for Syfer, an Atlanta based company dealing in developing innovations to improve online security for IoT devices. By integrating the expertise from their respective lines of work, Feyzi and Hesar birthed the idea of a cloud-based algorithm Capable of predicting possible collisions in space. This innovation allows them to alert satellite operators of potential threats in collisions that occur in low- orbit.

Both founders confirm that assigning the work to software is not possible. This occurrence is because of a lack of international standards in satellite technology worldwide. They provide an example of a Russian military satellite on a collision course with a US-based satellite; the software cannot predict and decide in time to avoid a collision. However, there is a need for a universally accepted monitoring body capable of predicting and providing solutions to both sides when required.  the Startup is only in its initial stages but holds great promise to the Future of exploration and communication to satellites

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Energy

The initial solar power factory in Armenia

The Reconstruction and development IFC bank from Europe, which is a World Bank Group member, and also the European Union (EU) has concurred to back the building up of the original utility-scale solar energy factory in Armenia, and it is also the first in the Caucasus. The power plant facility, 55 MW, is situated in Mets Masrik metropolis of Gegharkunik Province. It will increase Armenia’s renewable energy supply and help the country reduce its dependency on imported fuels. 

The factory is being built up by Fotowatio Renewable ventures (FRV), a section of Abdul Latif Jameel Energy, a world leader in renewable power projects. The firm will get a $35.4 million debt funding package comprising of two $17.7 million long-term financial ventures, one for both from EBRD and IFC. The project will also be given 3 million Euros in investment funding from the European Union, organized by EBRD. The IFC funding package comprises an $8.9 million advance from the IFC’s own account and $8.9 million increases from the Finland-IFC merged Finance for Climate Program.

The Masrik solar factory is anticipated to produce more than 128 gigawatts of electricity hours in a year at a possible tariff of 4.19 cents per kilowatt in one hour. The electricity will then be traded under a power purchase contract to Armenia Electricity Networks, a facility accountable for electricity allocations. The project will relocate the release of 40,000 tons of annual carbon emissions. Currently, about 70 percent of Armenia’s electricity production relies on imported fossils. As the nation’s electricity demand grows, recyclables are anticipated to offer sustainable and affordable alternative energy sources, and the Masrik factory is made to be an excellent example for the other Caucasus. 

The director of EBRD, Aida Sitdikova, confirmed that EBRD is pleased to back up the project since it builds its active rule engagement and ventures in the Armenian energy sector since the year 1993. After the EFRD funds’ electricity networks, personal generation, and privatizations, they are delighted to offer to fund for the solar project. They are operating with lawmakers on building further recyclable auctions in solar and wind. He added that they are delighted to their associate, the European Union, for co-funding the unique project with them. Mikel de Irala, the Managing Director of the Middle East and Africa, FRV stated that Armenia has a considerable probability of developing recyclable energy, particularly solar power. The nation is a planned FRV priority. 

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Energy

Largescale Ventures Deconstruct Renewable Energy Prospects

Walmart is making significant leaps in renewable energy adoption since joining the fight against carbon-based fuels. While the company’s efforts did not start recently, it announced a renewed commitment to achieving its previously set renewable energy goals.   A cumulative energy report from the company shows that renewable energy contributes 30% of total energy production. However, the company expressed that its goal is to rely on renewable energy entirely by 2035.

Walmart’s Chief Sustainability Officer Kathleen McLaughlin explains that most of its renewable energy prospects are attainable through Power Purchase Arrangements (PPAs).  These are provisions where Walmart dictates a supplier’s purchase options by encouraging them to buy into green energy prospects.  This practice has helped the company to realize substantial savings of up to 1.2 gigawatts of power from 2018 to 2019. This outcome is massively comparable to results from the U.S solar industry that successfully installed 3.62 gigawatts of photovoltaic generation cells in the first four months of 2020.

 However, the company’s renewable energy efforts do not stop there.  Walmart plans to trim down its supply chain, releasing carbon emissions by 1-gigaton come 2030. The plan is a projection nicknamed project gigaton. Walmart plans to roll out this newly tested project to its suppliers, enabling them to group together and by renewable energy.  The project has advantages because it allows small players to join with substantial parties and still benefit from buying massive amounts of renewable power at low costs. Currently, Walmart has managed to convince 100 corporate bodies into this scheme.

According to McLaughlin, the initiative comes as a relief to the suppliers as they were continually searching for ways of contributing toward preserving the environment.  Walmart’s efforts in the Gigaton PPA arrangement process allowed these companies to come together and take advantage of Walmart’s procurement team. She states that the company is glad that minor companies use the Gigaton project to join efforts towards decarbonizing the supply chain. 

Similar styled projects include UK-based energy company Ripple Energy that integrated a system that assists local business entities and collectively purchases renewable energy. Ripple energy uses a different system by enabling individual companies to buy shares and a prospective company focusing on providing renewable energy.  Once completed, the prospect hopes to set up her integrated system to supply renewable energy to homes. 

For a long time, prospects in renewable energy were perceived as massive and unattainable.  However, the venture in micromanaging renewable energy sources by large-scale retail entities like Walmart and ripple energy helps to deconstruct this hurdle, ensuring efficient green energy adoption.

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Space

Satellite Vu targets to range out the entire world with thermal visualization

Earth surveillance has matured from government-run operations to an important each day business instrument; nonetheless, it still has space for maturity. Particularly, into the warm air electromagnetic spectrum, that is if start-up “Satellite Vu” gets to the orbit by itself. The firm intends to be capable of monitoring the heat signs of many of the universe’s buildings alongside a satellite set made for that purpose.

Chairperson of Satellite Vu, Anthony Baker, expounded on the big market for any person who could tell with exactness how much heat was being released by buildings, farms as well as other characteristics. Heat could designate bad lining for one thing as well as a surplus of energy on HVAC and indicate the factual hours of function in a factory. It could trace burning natural gas or even waste releases from plants, with a steadfastness of about 3 to 4 meters. It may be capable of estimating the presence of outdoor happenings, troop focus in warfare. All these can be done during the night when there is intense darkness.

Baker revealed to TechCrunch that he had a feeling about the Earth surveillance business, even after producing fruitful attempts such as the planet, they still had a lot of space for maturity. He expounded that they could display what is going on inside compared to Google Maps and Planet, which could only display what is going from the outside.

The technology behind it is both recent and old. Electromagnetic magnetic detection falls back in decades. Nevertheless, performing so from the orbit to around a portion of a degree is a dissimilar proposal on this stage of aspect. The technology Satellite Vu is grounded on an Oxford-advanced sensor belonging to the Lunar Trailblazer orbiter, which would look for moisture on the moon’s surface. The firm has a special permit for it.

Baker stated that they took the sensor and space-strengthened it, as well as conducted the fresh space stuff such as reduction and power optimization. He further added that the challenge with building the gadget smaller and more effective was that it affected the image, alters it, and blurs it. Hence they discovered a way to fix that.

Satellite Vu trails the actions of Google and Apple, and many others who endeavor to upgrade the cameras of their smartphone have discovered that there is a valuable slight upgrade to be made out of the hardware, hence concentrated on the software rather. Like the ones for the tech firms, Satellite Vu’s system gathers data from many of sequential photos and deduces that to an upgraded solitary one.