Countries worldwide developed strategies to go green when different initiatives spearheaded plans to achieve a zero-emission economy. The works started by identifying the major industries that emit high carbon levels, then finding alternative renewable energy sources to substitute fossil fuels. Nations such as Indonesia, drafted master plans for shifting their industries from non-renewables to renewables.
The Indonesian government officials stated the green energy goals that it aims to achieve for the nation. For quite some time, the initiatives stagnated at the planning stage, with most of the goals remaining as long-term promises. Recent reports indicate that the government, major stakeholders in the energy industry, and environmental experts are currently working together to achieve Indonesia’s emission-free economy.
If the task force continues with the progress, then the renewable energy source will account for 15 percent of the country’s energy blend by 2025. However, the Indonesian government aimed to attain 23 percent of renewables’ contribution to its energy mix. The Institute for Essential Services Reform reported that the original strategy planned to attain the 23 percent by 2025.
A recent research study by the IESR predicted that in the country’s business-as-usual situation, renewable energy would contribute to at least 23% of Indonesia’s energy utilization by 2050. The roadmap developed by National General Energy Planning stipulates that renewable energy will account for 31 percent of the country’s energy mix by the same year. The IESR advised the government to review RUEN’s proposal, indicating the plan for the disproportional energy targets. Agus Tampubolon, a researcher at IESR, said that the RUEN based its strategic plan for green energy on inaccurate economic assumptions.
The IESR study appends to an increasing pile of evidence supporting the reports that indicated that Indonesia’s sluggish transition to green energy. The reports state that without significant policy reforms, the nation will never achieve its long-term renewable energy commitments. The regulations stipulated Indonesia’s anticipation of attaining 17.5 percent green energy consumption by 2019.
However, the country managed to achieve 12.36 percent for its renewable energy usage in 2019. The forecasts outlined Indonesia’s reliance on fossil fuels because of its numerous government policies and regulations, such as setting prices for fossil fuel and coal plant purchase guarantees. The National Energy Board, the oversight for RUEN, estimated that Indonesia attained 9.15 percent in the renewable energy mix in 2019. The levels recorded that year were an improvement from the country’s 4.4 percent attained in 2015, when its task force unstated the energy transition roadmap.
In conclusion, the Indonesian government continues to endorse policies that emphasize Bio-Energy utilization, especially biodiesel mixed with palm oil. The enactment aims to draw the country closer to achieving the RUEN targets. The national government enforced a compulsory biodiesel mix from 20% to 30%.