Categories
Coronavirus

Covid-19’s Silver Lining  

The Covid-19 virus laid waste to the year 2020. Several businesses and living sources have been affected, and many people cannot provide for their daily needs. However, there is a positive effect of this outcome; the planet got an opportunity to regenerate. There are reports that more individuals have to be aware of the importance of public health. 

Moreover, the renewable energy scene stands to benefit in essence. While Covid-19 ultimately caused a system shutdown for most economies, it also provided an allowance for economies to reset from the status quo. The lockdown opened a new mind-set to replace the conventional carbon-based forms of transportation. As economies restructure their economies, there is an opportunity to integrate renewable energy into the economy. 

As Covid-19, recedes countries have the chance to put in place measures that will push investment towards a sustainable future. The pandemic stands as an excellent example of why sustainable energy is essential for the world at large. There is a greater need to play sustainability at the forefront of the recovery process.

Renewable energy possibility has the capacity to counter long-standing climate conditions. By minimizing carbon emissions plan, the planet can recuperate and then back to the initial Natural setting. However, renewable energy also can provide new jobs including jobs in the innovation space, which can help develop new technologies to make life better. According to a report, an average of 25 jobs can come from a four million-dollar investment in renewable energy. Likewise, efficiency-based investments can generate close to 10 jobs.

There is a hidden potential in renewable energy for global economies. According to a report from the international renewable energy agency, renewable energy have the opportunity to increase global GDP by 98 trillion dollars. The sector also could create 63 million jobs by 2050. It is also applicable for adversely affected economies like India, which recorded job losses of close to 100 million jobs during the coronavirus outbreak. According to the report, such economies like India have been a city to generate 1.3 million full-time jobs if they attain generating and 60 gigawatts of energy by 2022.

The UK is not the only party that stands to benefit from shifting to renewable energy. Looking at China, there is an opportunity to minimize energy expenses realized from importing coal-based energy sources. Renewable energy sources are continuously setting themselves as less costly alternatives, and it is only a matter of time before they fully upgrade into world economies 

Categories
Space

Virgin Orbit awards ExoTerra a contract to develop its LauncherOne’s upper stage

The successful space launch missions inaugurated this year formed the basis for space companies to schedule more space projects. The planned commercial space expeditions aim to send more scientists and astronauts to other planets searching for conditions that could favor human habitation. The overwhelming human population on Earth renders the planet incapable of providing enough natural resources. The situation worsens with the recent threats from global warming and climate change. The devastating effects continue to stir up several research projects that aim to establish a permanent human settlement in other places in the solar system. The first destination is Mars, famously known as the Red Planet, one of the few planets with the possibility of supporting human life. The space industry continues to receive considerable investments to facilitate the necessary scientific research needed to ascertain the planet’s environment. Recently, a developer of space technologies launched CubeSats to study Mars’ atmospheric conditions to compare it with Earth. The satellites evaluated the interactions of the atmospheric currents and the radiation energy from the Sun. 

ExoTerra Resources, a startup based in Colorado, received a contract from NASA’s program for Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) on October 5. ExoTerra will develop a solar-powered upper stage for Virgin Orbit’s launch vehicle, the LauncherOne, to enable a smooth spaceflight for satellites traveling beyond the Earth’s lower orbital path. ExoTerra plans to innovate the Solar Electric Propulsion Upper Stage or SEPUS for the LauncherOne for customers seeking to reach destinations far beyond. Outer space such as the geostationary orbit, the Earth-Moon Lagrange coordinates, the Moon’s lower orbit, and the Trans-lunar Injection Orbit. According to a press release from ExoTerra, the development of the cutting-edge propulsion technologies will unlock limitless opportunities for more crewed missions to explore outer space. Commercial spaceflight service providers continue to show interest in becoming potential customers for ExoTerra’s technology for rocket boosters. 

ExoTerra’s officials said that the contract allows the company to kick-off the development of the SEPUS, designed to deliver nearly 150 kilograms of shipment to Moon. The propulsion system will transport several 180-kilograms deliveries to the geostationary orbit. The scheduled missions will pioneer the integration of the eagerly awaited SEPUS into future launch vehicles for upcoming launch missions with or without crew members. In 2019, Virgin Orbit announced the plans to send miniature satellites to the Red Planet by 2022 for SatRevolution, a satellite manufacturer based in Poland. 

In conclusion, Virgin Orbit anticipates growth in customer demand for LauncherOne spaceflights to an elliptical orbit, the Moon, the Red Planet, Venus, geostationary orbit recently studied asteroid belt. Many space enthusiasts cannot wait to see asteroid rock and boulders’ fascinating scenery in outer space.

Categories
Energy

Three techniques that will help India escalate its uptake of electric vehicles while reviving its economy 

The coronavirus pandemic has had an enormous negative impact on India’s economy. The current statistics show that India’s economy witnessed a 23% drop in the three months when the coronavirus pandemic numbers rose. The most affected industries in India are construction, manufacturing, transport, catering and trade. Details from the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) report explained that the economy’s compression had been the worst in this pandemic period.

The study revealed that India could use the coming one-and-a-half years to restructure its economy by investing in sustainability, urbanization and manufacturing to open new jobs for the country to advance. The significant revamp of the economy could require the uptake of electric vehicles in the entire region.

The Delhi Electric Vehicle program is going to open the economy once over 500000 electric vehicles enter registration. The government will offer tax incentives and rebates that will facilitate the affordability of electric cars. The purpose of this program is to help the city resolve the pollution problem and accelerate economic growth. Nevertheless, the country must uphold the following strategies to accelerate the uptake of electric vehicles.

First, the country must establish charging stations at shopping facilities and retail centers. Since these facilities are still operational by half the regular business, they are ideal for charging stations to encourage more Indians to buy electric vehicles. The people will be sure there are charging points at the next retail outlet on their electric car’s journey. The Delhi Electric vehicle program will help the government develop over 200 charging stations annually, facilitating the development of charging stations at a separation distance of 3km in the next four years.

Next, the country must establish smart grids to connect the charging stations to renewables. Studies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) indicated that although the electric vehicle uptake increases electricity demand, they help minimize greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel usage. This strategy allows the country to realize the Paris agreement regulations on climate change by reducing carbon emissions.

Additionally, Delhi can partner with the national government to minimize excise duty on electric vehicle imports. This strategy will facilitate the uptake of electric vehicles in the whole country. The current collaboration between the central government and Delhi has availed incentives for buying and producing electric cars. To conclude, two governments can introduce negative incentives for ICE systems and other fossil fuel consuming projects. Pricing measures against ICE cars will inform the uptake of electric vehicles in the country. 

Categories
Space

German Beginner Rocket Workshop Augsburg Nominates Norway for First Flight of RFA One Smallsat Take-off

A German company Spacecraft workshop Augsburg has chosen the Norweigan launch center Andoya space station for a 2022 first flight of the organization’s RFA One small satellite take-off machine. Rocket Factory Augsberg was initiated in 2018, and it is now on the verge of designing a three-phase RFA One spacecraft. The minor satellite launch machine carries a generator first phase plan driven by nine liquid-fueled generators and single generators. Launching off from Norway’s space station, the spacecraft will be able to transport approximately 1300 kg of cargo to a distance of 300 kilometres; this was stated by Ibrahim Ata, who is the spokesperson of the of Rocket Factory Augsburg (RFA).

On the 24th of September, Rocket Factory Augsburg contracted an agreement with Andoya space, and this is a Spacecraft 90% possessed by the Ministry of Trade. Industry and Fisheries in Norway to propose launching assistance to minor satellites far from the RFA One from a fresh orbital kick-off centre. The building of the first-hand centers is estimated to start in the year on the islands of Andoya, which is 35 kilometers away on the south of the Andoya space station center. The original center’s place was chosen after an intense procedure of four years that analyzed some possibilities, which comprised of safety analysis, environmental studies, and a test of the viability of accessing the station.

At the beginning of the year, the Norwegian executive provided Andoya Space with 38.5 million dollars to support all the facility structures; this was a statement made by Odd Roger Enoksen, the Chief Executive Officer of Andoya Space, in an email to Space News. Additionally, the Andoya space station is estimated to have autonomous integration amenities plus all compulsory maintenance structures. Furthermore, Enoksen mentioned that the space station strategies to invite more than four launch stakeholders, including the Rocket Factory Augsburg (RFA).

Ata declared that the Norwegian space station is a good choice for the firm’s RFA One. Moreover, the authority sponsored 365 krone funding, easy accessibility to SSO, among other important assistance to the firm choosing Andoya. The original Andoya space station Launchpad is anticipated to be set at the end of 2021. The subsequent pad will be ready by 2022, with the station attaining full operating potential by 2023. Also, to signing a contract with Andoya space, RFA mentioned on the 29th of September. It had also finished an important of the original arrangement stage needed to build a space station for Rocket Factory Augsburg One. 

Categories
Energy

Avondale goes green by establishing a brand-new charging station for electric vehicles (EVs) 

The devastating impacts of climate change and global warming on humanity are a wake-up call for many countries to reconsider their future economic development strategies. State governments continue to restructure their policies to accommodate the goals for sustainable energy. The state administrations continue to implement projects that boost technological advancements in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. The transportation industry is one of the leading emitters of CO2, increasing the global carbon footprint. Other industries top-ranking in high carbon emissions are energy and electricity generation, manufacturing, and industrial process such as heating—the initiatives for electrification in the transportation sector pioneer the adoption of zero-emission vehicles. 

The two approaches to the strategic plan advocate replacing fossil-fuel-powered vehicles engines with electric motors or hybrid cars. Huge investments from state governments and energy cooperations boost the advancement of electric vehicle technologies. Recently, a manufacturer of EV battery developed a revolutionary technology that uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve their production process. Companies plan to release funding to roll-out the development of the infrastructure necessary for large-scale electric vehicle production. 

Avondale is among the cities that promised to go green. The city’s transition to clean energy comes when nations plan to adopt electrification of their transportation sector. Recently, Avondale commissioned its first-ever EV charging station for public owners of electric vehicles. Approximately 85,000 residents living in Western Phoenix are part of the city’s suburb. The newly commissioned charging station is in a parking lot in the Civic Center Library. The electric vehicle charger’s capacity of 11350 W can service two EVs concurrently. The station’s capability will benefit EV owners traveling through the institution and anticipating to add some extra battery charge for their journeys. 

The ChargePoint is a level two charging station that is open and free for public use. Avondale developed the charging system to charge $1 every hour for electric charging for more than two hours. Electric vehicle owners spending less than two hours pay nothing for the charging services. The municipal administration of Avondale city collaborated with energy utility companies such as APS and SRP to install the charging station. The project cost the city approximately $8,500 to buy and operate the EV charging station for five years. 

The Avondale administration anticipates that the brand-new ChargePoint will boost EVs’ transition by encouraging the residents to purchase more zero-emission vehicles. The strategy aims to eliminate emissions that increase Avondale’s carbon footprint. Carbon emissions from fossil-fuel-powered vehicles contribute to nearly 50 percent of the city’s emission of greenhouse gases. Danae Presler, the sustainability officer in Avondale, said that cars running on diesel or gasoline engines contribute to air pollution. In summary, the report indicated the necessity to electrify the city’s transportation industry.

Categories
Energy

Environmental activists and dam constructors settling their woes 

The US dam operators and environmental associations have started agreeing on some crucial matters to minimize dam development’s effect on the environment. The two sides have been on each other’s neck over climatic challenges and have realized it is time they agree on the plausible solution to environmental problems.

The dams that generate hydroelectric power by running turbines have time and again proven to kill the aquatic life and deny the dams’ lower sides to degrade. Most of the fish which survive the turbines end up dying of reduced water on the other side of the river.

Environmental agencies and associations have often declared these reasons as appropriate to shut down these projects and embark on environmental recuperation. The activists argue that the developers should look for wind turbines or other renewables like solar that interfere less with the ecosystem. Nevertheless, the two sides have come to terms and signed a memorandum of understanding to meet their grievances.

The joint meeting, which brought together stakeholders from both sides, informed the utilization of the available dams to generate electricity and the analysis of other dams to prove if their effects on the environment can be neutralized. Over 80000 of the existing dams will undergo reviews to evaluate their safety and performance.

Additionally, the two parties agreed to wipe out the old dams that are fading out to allow the environment to recover from the previous denial. Over 1000 dams will undergo this process, especially those with weak walls and barricades posing a threat to both the marine life and the surroundings.

Bob Irvin of American Rivers stated that environmental activists are reconsidering their stand on hydroelectric power after realizing that global warming will have vast environmental effects than damming. They realize that cutting out fossil fuels and replacing them with hydropower will help neutralize global warming.

Nonetheless, Irvin added that his team would strongly detest the construction of more dams, saying it creates pressure on the little water that surpasses the barricade. Irvin is still bent on removing some dam barricades to allow the fish to migrate and reproduce freely.

Energy analysts hope to develop more hydropower production systems to supplement wind and solar energy, which are usually available in small quantities considering the seasons of the year. Theoretically, America can obtain more renewable electricity from rivers to supplement scarce renewables.

Nevertheless, some companies are developing turbines that can allow fish and marine life to sip through to the other side and oxygen preservation in water meandering down the dams. Finally, the meeting between the two sides informed the evolution of policies that determine the period after which a dam is terminable. Additionally, repairs and maintenance will be vital for the dams to remain active producers of electricity. Nevertheless, an open but tiring process is shading out the old insecure dams and replacing them with new and improved dams.

Categories
Space

Planet to Change Detection Products as it Launches new Gadgets

During its user conference dubbed Explore 2020, Planet announced new products. Among the unveiled products was the Rapid Revisit. It is powerful enough to provide SkySat imagery of a resolution of up to 50 cm. It will be possible to update depending on the latitude at a frequency ranging from 7 to 12 times daily.

According to its CEO and Founder Will Marshall, when speaking on October 13, no other commercial provider has managed to come up with a product with such a high intraday revisit capability. Planet also unveiled the commercial Automated Change Detection and, as the name suggests, is a change-detection product. Marshall demonstrated how one could be notified if a change occurred in Doha, Qatar. He added that it was possible to see new structures as they come up month by month. It is also possible to zoom in and isolate the detected buildings.

As the company’s customer, you can assign a task such as obtaining a particular building’s high-resolution image to a SkySat. Many people seem to be embracing its services since, according to Marshall, the company is receiving twice the previous number of customer bookings. Another reason why the bookings have increased is because of the global pandemic. After all, people can hardly travel due to lockdown. Fortunately, Planet can help the customers keep track of changes using satellite data.

Planet’s Earth-imaging constellation is now larger than before after the addition of 26 SuperDoves. It happened in September when an Arianespace Vega report sent them to the orbit. By the end of the year, Planet hopes to expand it further by 57 SuperDoves. The new ones will be gathering imagery in eight instead of the previous four spectral bands.

Ever since last year, Planet’s SkySats are now as low as an altitude of 400 km. That’s after the company lowered the recent ones from 500 kilometers. That was a risky move since it meant comprising the satellite life. However, when Planet weighed the pros and the cons, the pros outdid the cons.

This change was to ensure that the imagery resolution improves. As far as Marshall is concerned, the difference served its purpose since the SkySats now reveal small features while providing imagery that’s not only crisp but also more detailed.

After launching 3 SkySats in June and August, it reached its SkySat fleet target, which was 21. The lift-off of the trio was on SpaceX Falcon 9 rockets. The release of the next product, Fusion Monitoring, will be in early 2021.  Its function will be to merge several datasets. Consequently, it will be possible to stream imagery with neither gaps nor clouds. According to vice president Jim Thomason, agricultural customers will be the primary beneficiaries of the new product.

Categories
Space

SpaceX’s cluster of SmallSats reduce the clarity of astronomical observations

Everybody on Earth appreciates a serene night sky that is clear for making observations. Nothing compares to a person’s satisfaction that comes from viewing stars in clear night skies while enjoying marvelous spectacle. Several renowned icons spearheaded human discovery, such as Galileo, Columbus, Joan of Arc, Cleopatra, and Shakespeare, observed stars that are identical to the stars seen by modern people. Observations of stars and other space bodies during peaceful night skies are part of humankind’s heritage, passed down from one generation to another. 

Unfortunately, these night skies’ natural serenity and clarity are short-lived because Elon Musk’s SpaceX inaugurated its constellation of more than 60 SmallSats for the company’s broadband internet connectivity program. A single SpaceX launch vehicle carried all the miniature satellites during the space mission launch in May 2019. Elon Musk said that SpaceX’s launch is among the several launches to establish a massive constellation of broadband communications satellites. The space company’s space satellite mission roll-out plans to develop a robust network that provides Earth with access to ultra-high-speed Internet. There is an increasing market demand for reliable and high-speed internet connectivity for companies and state governments. 

Marco Langbroek, a tracker for satellites and Netherlands space enthusiasts, recorded the satellites passing through the sky; the video shocked him. Marco’s blog post explained how the observation started with recording two objects with Dime flashes passing the telescope’s field of view. A few moments later, Marco recorded the jaw-dropping space observation of the mega constellation of satellites in the area of interest. Marco uploaded the astonishing discovery recorded as SpaceX inaugurated the cluster of miniature satellites. 

Following SpaceX’s successful satellite launch mission, the company schedules more inaugurations of Starlink satellites to develop a well-established satellite communication network. SpaceX’s vision is to become the pioneer provider of Earth’s internet services by offering high-speed web connections. 

Despite the satellites’ obstructions, the satellite train is a glorious scenery to experience when the SmallSats travel through a field of view. Experts warn that the increasing amount of space debris and clusters of satellites impacts humanity’s interactions with clear night skies. When left unattended, the problem obscures many people from experiencing the serenity and clarity for observing night skies. Humanity will observe many human-made objects traveling haphazardly across fields of view instead of magnificent stars and space bodies. 

In summary, several researchers and corporations continue to advocate for reducing launch missions delivering satellite constellation into Earth’s lower orbit. Otherwise, the problem remains unsolved because space junk continues to build up. Most experts consider the massive constellations of broadband satellites more destructive rather than constructive. 

Categories
Space

First World’s Satellite-5G Router Connectivity Showcased by KT SAT.

KT SAT CO carried out the initial world demonstration using the primary satellite-5G hybrid router broadcasting technology during the SatelliteAsia 2020 fair. KT SAT CO, a subsidiary of KT Corporation, the largest telecommunication company in South Korea, was responsible for the successful demonstration.

The technology that allows for smooth connectivity between a satellite and 5G was the brainchild of the KT SAT CO. and KT Institute of Convergence Technology, which lend to developing the technology in November las year. The presentation by KT SAT may have been a display on the company’s possibility of using satellites as their network standbys and encompass their use to communication broadcasting.

According to KT SAT CEO, Song Kyung-Min, the company’s participation in this year’s SatelliteAsia online exposition acted as a new page-turner in worldwide communication, especially with the Covid19 pandemic. As per the CEO, the company looks to showcase their competence in the satellite expertise and, at the same time, boost their presence and status in the global market. By showcasing its technological capabilities in satellites during the show, KT SAT will be hoping to add momentum to consolidate its position as a leading global satellite operator. The company looks to acquire a foothold on its universal outreach and grow its communication cable trade section.

The exposition is held annually in Singapore, where KT Sat CO. has been showcasing since 2014.  Due to the Corona Virus Pandemic, this year’s expo was held online from September 29 to October 1. the company’s online booth during the expo displayed various contents about their satellite technology and services together with its satellite connectivity technology to other networks. The company had a set up that gave room for a real-time Q&A session between the visitors and its officials.

During the online expo, officials from KT SAT have been taking part in a forum that explores the next stage in South East Asia’s satellite information market. The panel discussions involve global players in the satellite operations.

The company is also exhibiting its new broadcasting communication services, a joint operation with KT Skylife, which is KT’s subsidiary and responsible for providing satellite broadcasting services. The main focus of these exhibitions by KT SAT is to introduce an Android-based set-top box and alterations in the market for Direct-to-Home (DTH) service, which is based on High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC).